ACCEPTABILITY OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
The great Abraham Lincoln once defined democracy as the government that reflects the will of the majority. The Political authority of the government of the day is derived from the citizens but not through coup de tat or any other illegal means of acquiring power. In such a concept, there is an assumption that the people within a particular geographical area rule themselves. Political scholars have asserted that the above proposition is theoretical rather than reality. In practice, the citizens would participate in a universal suffrage and chose a few elected representatives mandated to exercise the interest of the majority. From that premise, challenges are expected to arise in a democracy. This paper will analyze problems or challenges associated with modern democracy.
One of the wrongs related to modern democracy is the oppression by the majority.
The government is constituted by the representatives who had obtained substantial votes in the general election. The people who did not vote them, eventually turned out to be isolated and their voice cannot be heard. In essence, the majority become the ones wielding political authority in total disregard of why the minority voted the contrary. In such circumstances, the majority might come up with some weird policies such as persecution of minorities like racial segregation. John Wenders, a scholar at the University of Idaho, conducted a study in 2012 and shown that democracy and freedom are two separate notions neither one is a reflection of the other. In this research, he argues that democracy cannot be evaluated on the basis of voting but rather by those things that people do not vote.
Arguably, democracy requires the participation of the citizens for a government to be considered properly constituted. In recent times, a substantial number of people have shown apathy towards elections. Such a tendency jeopardizes the very principle of democracy since it’s the participation of the people that legitimizes the party that ascends to power. All this was predicted a few centuries ago by some renowned thinkers. Tocqueville once declared that as individuals become more inclined to their private spheres they tend to become less disinterested with public affairs. For instance, in the UK 1997 elections saw the Labor party receiving thirty- one percent of votes from the qualified voters.It was deemed that the voter turnout was the lowest since 1945. To elaborate further, the 1999 plebiscite to the European Parliament indicated a resurgence of apathy by the UK voters. There was a turnout of twenty -three percent and one distinguishable case in Sunderland saw only fifteen voters showing up out of the one thousand eligible registered voters in the area. The 2001 elections were no different, the primary debate was the escalation of voter apathy, and an all- time low of fifty- nine percent was recorded.
Corruption is mainly embedded within democratic governments in an effort of luring the short term interests of the voters.
It is characterized by the aspect of Pork barrel where some regions or political actors are treated favorably in the expense of others. The costs incurred in the process are carted by the taxpayers. An Election being an appendage of a democracy can also exhibit corruption in a different form. For example, individuals are preferably elected without considering whether they have ideologies that can spur development and growth in the economy. Short-termism is another wrong of democracy where elections are continuously held due to the fragility of the coalition government. After elections, coalitions are substantially constituted like in India for the purposes of enabling the viable majority but not on the perspective of ideological concurrence.
In conclusion, the architects of democracy thought that the principle was merely the rule of the majority.
They considered it to be a bed of roses for a successful polity arrangement. However, that is not the case; the system in the modern world has turned out to be marred with numerous inefficiencies. In theory and practice, modern democracy is characterized by voter apathy, oppression of the majority, short-termism and various coalition governments in every election cycle. In a nutshell, modern democracy has brought more good than harm in the contemporary political arrangement. Home page