Guidelines For Writing an Informative Essay
An informative essay, as the term suggests, is directed at providing the reader with useful and interesting information about a certain subject, in a manner that is cogent and concise. Therefore, the first thing to keep in mind is the profile of the reader. Who is the essay being written for? An essay submitted to a popular science journal has to be written in a style very different from that of a more academic publication. If you are submitting as essay to a professor, you need to be aware of whether the essay is expected to be primarily factual with a few well-substantiated opinions or primarily based on your research supported by certain facts.
How much detail you go into in your essay depends a lot on your word limit and the profile of the reader. If the topic of the informative essays are something that is new to you, just reflect on what most people would like to know about it. If it is something that most people are aware of, such as World War II, perhaps you could bring lesser-known facts to light. On the other hand, if it is a subject that you specialise in, it may help to get an outsider’s perspective on what people would like to know more about,a financial whiz may not be aware of how clueless people can be about insurance.
It’s a good idea to jot down the points you want to include before you start writing. To arrive at these points you must of course read up on the relevant information from credible sources. A lot of students today tend to rely on Wikipedia, which can be a place to start, but is no substitute for doing your homework. You should be sure to include the most common go-to source of information for that topic; for instance when discussing the swine flu epidemic, you must use data from the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention for USA-related information.
Above-all, an informative essay must be comprehensive; it should try and consider several sides of a subject. For instance, if you are writing about e-governance you can mention its benefits with examples (such as the way in which the Barrack Obama administration has set up an interface between the people and government online through the White House website, Twitter etc.) but you should also mention how the benefits of this would be limited in countries with low Internet penetration among the population. You could further mention low-cost ways in which Internet access to could be provided to people in remote areas with illustrative examples.
Convey the information in a way that captures the reader’s interest. Hence, relate the subject to everyday problems, cutting-edge developments, humorous anecdotes and wry observations. In addition, cut out any text that seems to be hanging or going off on an irrelevant tangent.
The conclusion is for tying up loose ends. Summarize the information you have presented in your essay. Don’t try to add any new stuff here. Present a balanced view and leave the reader with something to think about.